ALOE Liliaceae A. species
HABITAT: S. Africa. Zones 9-10.
USES: Pot plants, houseplants, tubs.
HABIT: Handsome rosettes of all green or spotted, succulent leaved plants which rarely bloom indoors; outdoors they give a spectacular display of orange, red, or yellow tubular flowers in fall or winter.
SEED GERMINATION: For best results, sow indoors winter or spring on Park's Grow Mix; keep moist but not wet at all times and maintain 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit temperatures during the germination, which requires 30 days. Transplant when large enough to handle to peat pots or sow directly to peat pots or pellets; shift to larger containers when roots emerge from pot walls.
CULTURE: Pot in a sandy, well-drained soil mix with humus (peat moss, leaf mold, compost, etc.) and charcoal added. Place in sun (at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day) and keep barely moist and maintain 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit night temperatures and 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit day temperatures for ideal growth. Feed established plants each fall with a standard houseplant fertilizer at 1/2 strength. Overcrowded plants may be re-potted at any time; set plant no deeper than they were previously set. Aloes may be grown under fluorescent lights 12-14 hours per day at 20 watts per square foot with the lights placed 10" from the plants.
SPECIES: A. arborescens (Candelabra Aloe): Thick blue-green leaves. To 10'.
A. aristata (Lace Aloe): 6" across. Green-gray leaves dotted white and tipped with white marginal teeth. Zone 9. Reddish yellow.
A. brevifolia (Short-leaved Aloe): 12". Triangular, oblong, gray-green leaves, flat on top and rounded below with white marginal teeth. Red flowers. Fall. Zone 9.
A. ciliaris (Climbing Aloe): 6" across. 3'. Soft green, white toothed leaves. Lance-shaped. Sprawling. Pencil like stems. Orange-red flowers. Late spring.
A. globusa (Crocodile Aloe): 4-7". Gray-green.
A. humilis (hedgehog Aloe): 6". Zone 9. Blue-green, narrow leaves with white, marginal teeth. Green-tipped, red flowers. Best grown in shade.
A. nobilis (Gold-spined Aloe): 2'. Bright green leaves edged with yellow prickly teeth. Zone 9. Green-tipped, red flowers.
A. variegata (Partridge-breast Aloe, Tiger Aloe, Pheasant Wing Aloe): 12". 3 cornered, dark, rich green leaves marbled and margined white. Red flowers.
A. vera (True Aloe, Barbados Aloe): 18-20". Pale green with soft spine margins. Yellow and red bell like flowers.
INSECTS: Mites: For best results, use an approved insecticide such as Kelthane, for control.
Scale: For best results, use an approved insecticide such as Malathion or Diazinon for control.
DISEASES: Rot: Improve drainage. Destroy infected parts and drench with Captan for control.
PROPAGATION: Offshoots, cuttings, seed.
REMARKS: Aloe Vera is often used for a soothing ointment (juice of leaves) for cuts and burns.