ANGELICA Unbelliferae A. species

HABITAT: Native to Eastern Europe, North America. Zones 4-7, biennial.

USES: Medicinal, flavoring, wild gardens.

HABIT: A 2 1/2' aromatic garden with large leaves divided into numerous small leaflets and flat umbels of yellowish flowers during July.

SEED GERMINATION: Sow seed in the spring on the surface of the soil without covering, keep moist, and provide a 70°F temperature for germination. If sown indoors, transplant when large enough to handle into peat pots or sow direct in peat pots or pellets and shift to the garden when roots emerge from pot walls. If sown outdoors, then thin to 3' apart in rows 2' apart. Keep plants well watered. Set plants in spring and in sun to light shade in a rich soil with humus (compost, leaf mold, peat moss) added. Fertilize with 3 lbs. of a balanced garden fertilizer such as 8-8-8 per 100 sq. ft. Work fertilizer into soil well before planting. Plants mature in 70 days from seed. Cut young stems in the second year just before flowers begin to open. The Angelica may need 2-4 years to come into flower.

SPECIES: A. archangelica (Garden Angelica). 6'. Zone 4. Aromatic. Compound leaves. Small greenish-white flowers, July in terminal umbels.
A. atroupurpurea (Purple-Stem Angelica). 9'. Biennial. Dark purple erect stem. White flower heads 10" across, June-July. Alternate leaves, compound. Wet soil. East, Central, North America.
A. gigas (Giant Wild Parsnip). 4-6'. Zones 5-8. Short lived perennial. Deep purplish-red stems and flowers (4 to 8" umbels). Blooms mid to late summer, then dried seed heads last through fall and winter. Best in part shade. Reseeds readily. Native to Korea.
A. venenosa (Hairy Angelica). 2'-4'. Zone 4. White, tiny in large terminal umbels. June-September. Compound 2-3" leaves with toothed leaflets. Said to be poisonous. Massachusetts-Florida..

INSECTS: Aphids: Use an approved insecticide such as Malathion or Rotenone.

DISEASES: Leaf Spot: Use an approved fungicide such as Captan, Fermate. Root Rot: Treat soil with a fumigant. Rust: Destroy infected plants, spray every 7-10 days with Maneb, Ferbam.