How to Plant a Tree

Trees Make Life Easier

Trees provide structure and beauty to your garden. They improve the quality of the air, filtering dust and adding oxygen. They help you conserve water, holding moisture in the soil. Their shade insulates your garden, moderating, wind, temperatures, and humidity. In general, trees make your garden more comfortable for all living things, including you. One tree can provide homes for hundreds of creatures, and if it is a fruit or nut tree, it can also provide food.

They also benefit your neighbors - trees are too big and permanent to just be enjoyed by just one gardener. They will add shade and character to your whole neighborhood. Anyone who has ever driven down a suburban street lined with big old trees understands this - it just looks and feels better.


Planting Your Tree


First, choose a site in your yard. Learn about your tree's specific needs, and keep in mind the mature size of your tree, giving your tree plenty of room to grow. Think about possible future damage to property (yours and your neighbors').

Once you have selected your site, dig a hole three times as wide as the root ball. The roots need room and loose soil for expanding and establishing a firm base. Dig no deeper than the top of the root ball - burying your tree too deep may inhibit growth, because your roots still need ready access to water and oxygen.

Return the soil, amending it with an all-purpose slow release fertilizer or compost. You may want to replace the soil with your own planting mix if the soil has too much clay or sand. When your roots are covered to the base of the stem, pack it down firmly, and stake if necessary.

Immediately water your tree deeply, 10-12 inches. Repeat watering every 10-14 days until the tree is established. Once your tree is strong and self-sufficient, water as needed, more frequently during dry spells.

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