Bee Balm/Bergamot/Oswego Tea Germination Information

Bee Balm/Bergamot/Oswego Tea Seed Germination How to Sow Bee Balm/Bergamot/Oswego Tea:

  • Best sown indoors at alternating temperatures of 55 and 70°
  • Sow with NO cover
  • Expect germination in 15-20 days
  • Seeds can be sown outdoors from early spring through summer, up to two months before frost, for flowering the next summer
  • When sowing seed outdoors, we recommend a maximum planting depth of 4X the width of the seed

How to Grow Bee Balm/Bergamot/Oswego Tea:
Transplanting: If sown indoors, transplant outdoors when there are at least two sets of true leaves

Spacing: Plant seedlings 12-15 inches apart

Lighting: Site in full sun to light shade

Soil: Site in light, rich, moist, well-drained garden soil. Soil can be either acid or alkaline, but keep an eye on watering as plants will look bedraggled if they dry out

Additional Care: Bee Balm is tolerant of humidity and insect pests. The roots are rhizomatous and spread vigorously; it can become weedy. Remove spent flowers to prolong the show and divide clumps in spring before new growth begins

Appearance and Use:

This vigorous, clump-forming perennial grows 2-3 feet tall and spreads to at least 3 feet. It is grown in perennial borders, wildflower gardens, and herb gardens. The red, pink, lavender, or white, tubular flowers are highly attractive to bees and hummingbirds and are borne in whorled heads. Flowers cut well for fresh arrangements. They are also edible and can be added fresh to salads. As a member of the mint family, the stems are square and both stems and leaves give off a minty-citrus fragrance and are used to make a tea. Leaves are bright green and hairy


About Bee Balm/Bergamot/Oswego Tea:
Botanical name: Monarda didyma
Pronunciation:  mo-när’då did’i-må
Lifecycle:  Perennial
Origination: Lamiaceae; native to North America