Beet/Sugar Beet Germination Information

Beet Seed Germination How to Sow Beet:

  • Prior to sowing, soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours to aid in germination
  • Best sown outdoors when the soil is cool in early spring
  • Seeds can also be sown outdoors in the fall in Zones 9-10
  • Alternatively, sow indoors at a temperature of 70-72°
  • Indoors and out, sow at a depth of 4 times the size of the seeds and expect germination in 10-15 days
  • Succession sow at 3-week intervals for a continuous supply throughout the season
  • It is 50-60 days from sowing to harvesting

How to Grow Beet:
Transplanting: Transplant when there are at least two sets of true leaves. It is difficult to transplant because of the long tap root

Spacing: Thin or plant out at 4 inches apart in rows 18-24 inches apart

Soil: Site in a loose, deep, rich, well-drained soil

Lighting: Site in full sun

Additional Care: The seeds that were sown are actually the plant’s fruits and contain several seeds, so it is important to thin the seedlings immediately. Keep the plants well watered and fertilize prior to planting and again when plants are 3-4 inches tall. Plants prefer the cool temperatures of early spring and fall

Appearance and Use:

This close relative of Chard is grown for its globular or tapering, red-colored, edible roots and for the coarse, reddish green, edible leaves. Both are high in iron. Dig the beet roots when they are 2-3 inches diameter and harvest the leaves at this same time. Beet roots and greens will keep in the field for 2-3 weeks after they are mature and the roots will keep for up to a month in storage


About Beet:
Botanical name: Beta vulgaris
Pronunciation:  ba’tå vul-gar’is
Lifecycle:  Annual
Origination: Chenopodiaceae; native to coastal Europe