Cabbage Germination Information

Cabbage Seed Germination How to Sow Cabbage:

  • Best sown indoors, 5-7 weeks before planting out, at a temperature of 70-75° and at a depth of 4 times the size of the seeds
  • Expect germination in 10-14 days
  • Seeds can also be sown outdoors in midsummer for a fall crop
  • In Zone 8 and warmer, sow seeds in early fall for a winter crop
  • It is 50-90 days from sowing to harvesting
  • When sowing seed outdoors, we recommend a maximum planting depth of 4X the width of the seed

How to Grow Cabbage:
Transplanting: Transplant when there are at least two sets of true leaves

Spacing: Space plants 15-18 inches apart in rows spaced 20-30 inches apart

Lighting: Site in full sun

Soil: Site in a rich, fertile, deep, moist, well-drained soil. Feed plants with 5-10-5 (or higher numbers) or nitrate of soda when first planting out and again every 4 weeks

Additional Care: Plant out as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. It is a cool weather crop that is very tolerant of frosts

Appearance and Use:

This leafy green is grown to be eaten fresh or canned as sauerkraut. Ornamental varieties (Acephala Group) are used as cool season bedding plants and in container displays. It grows as a 1-2 foot, round, flattened, or upright head of compressed leaves. Green Cabbage has smooth green leaves; Red Cabbage has smooth purple-red leaves; and Savoy Cabbage has crinkled green leaves. Harvest the head at its base when it is firm, at its optimal size of 15 inches or less, and when the leaves are still tight. Mature heads will last several weeks in the field and for several weeks after harvesting


About Cabbage:
Botanical name: Brassica oleracea Capitata Group
Pronunciation:  bras’i-kå o-ler-a’-se-å
Lifecycle:  Annual
Origination: Brassicaceae; native to coastal Europe