Bean Germination Information

Bean Seed Germination How to Sow Beans:

  • Innoculate with a nitrogen-fixing bacteria prior to sowing
  • Seeds are best sown outdoors after all danger of frost is past in the spring and when the soil is warm
  • Seeds can also be sown indoors 3 weeks before planting them out in a warm soil
  • Sow them in individual pots at a temperature of 70° and at the same depth as outdoors
  • Indoors and out, expect germination in 6-10 days
  • It is 8-10 weeks between sowing and fruit production
  • When sowing seed outdoors, we recommend a maximum planting depth of 4X the width of the seed

How to Grow Beans:
Transplanting: Transplant when there are at least two sets of true leaves

Spacing: Space bush varieties 2-3 inches apart in rows spaced 18-24 inches apart. Space pole varieties 6-8 inches apart in rows 36 inches apart

Soil: Site in full sun in a neutral, loose, rich, moist, well-drained soil. Feed with a 1-2-2 ratio fertilizer prior to planting and again when 6-8 inches tall

Additional Care: Bush Beans will mature faster than Pole Beans, so for a continuous crop, successively sow them every 2 weeks until 2 months before first frost. Pole Beans are more productive and need to be grown on a trellis, fence, tripod, or other structure

Appearance and Use:

Green, Snap, French, String, and Wax Beans are all produced by this vining or bushing, annual plant. Harvest when the beans are succulent, just before they are mature. Keep them picked to keep the plants producing. To dry beans, allow them to remain on the plant until they turn brown and begin to shatter


About Beans:
Botanical name: Phaseolus vulgaris
Pronunciation:  få-se-o’-lus vul-ga’ris
Lifecycle:  Perennial
Origination: Fabaceae; native to tropical America