Monarda is the botanical name for Bee Balm
Monarda Germination Information

Monarda Seed Germination How to Sow Monarda:

  • Best sown indoors at alternating temperatures of 55 and 70°
  • Expect germination in 15-25 days
  • Seeds can be sown outdoors from early spring through summer, up to two months before frost, for flowering the next summer
  • If sowing seed outdoors, we recommend a maximum planting depth of 4X the width of the seed

How to Grow Monarda:
Transplanting: Transplant when there are at least two sets of true leaves

Spacing: Plant seedlings 12-15 inches apart in full sun to light shade in a light, rich, moist, well-drained garden soil

Temperature Bee Balm is tolerant of humidity and insect pests

Soil: Soil can be either acid or alkaline, but keep an eye on watering as plants will look bedraggled if they dry out

Additional Care: The roots are rhizomatous and spread vigorously; it can become weedy. Remove spent flowers to prolong the show and divide clumps in spring before new growth begins

Appearance and Use:

Used in borders and wildflower gardens. Flowers cut well for fresh use. It is a vigorous, clump-forming perennial growing 2-3 feet tall and spreading to at least 3 feet wide. It will produce copious flowers for about two months during the summer, especially when deadheaded. As a member of the mint family, the stems are square and both stems and leaves give off a minty fragrance even when slightly brushed. Leaves are bright green and hairy. The tubular flowers are borne in whorled heads of red, pink, lavender, or white. Bee Balm is highly attractive to bees and hummingbirds


About Monarda:
Pronunciation:  mo-när’då did’i-må
Lifecycle:  Perennial
Origination: Lamiaceae; native to North America
Common Name: Bee Balm