Swiss Chard Germination Information

Swiss Chard Seed Germination How to Sow Swiss Chard:

  • Best sown outdoors in situ when the soil is cool in early spring
  • Seeds can also be sown outdoors in the fall in Zones 9-10
  • Alternatively, sow indoors at a temperature of 68-72°
  • Indoors and out, sow at a depth of 4 times the size of the seeds and expect germination in 15-20 days

How to Grow Swiss Chard:
Transplant: Transplant when there are at least two sets of true leaves

Spacing: Thin or plant out at 4-6 inches apart in rows 15-18 inches apart

Lighting: Site in full sun to very light shade

Soil: Site in a a loose, rich, well-drained soil

Additional Care: Keep the plants well watered and fertilize prior to planting and again every 6 weeks. It is tolerant of summer heat

Appearance and Use:

This vigorous, biennial vegetable is related to the beet, however, it does not produce the thickened, edible root. Rather, it is grown for its leaves. The plants grow 12-18 inches tall with large, red or green, coarse, deeply crinkled, edible leaves and, in the plant’s second year, an edible flower stalk. The leaves can be harvested two months after sowing via the cut-and-come-again method. Cut the outer leaves off at the base and allow the inner leaves to continue growing. When the flower stalks appear in the second year, harvest the stalks before the flowers open. About Swiss Chard:
Botanical name: Beta vulgaris
Pronunciation:  be’tå vul-ga’ris
Lifecycle:  Annual
Origination: Chenopodiaceae; native to coastal Europe