Viola is the botanical name for Violet and Pansy
Viola Germination Information

Viola Seed Germination How to Sow Viola:

  • The seeds of both perennial and annual types can be sown indoors at 65-70°
  • Sow them at a depth of 4 times the size of the seed and expect germination in 10-20 days
  • Sow the perennials in mid-winter or early spring to produce plants that will flower that year
  • For a spring flower display with the annuals, sow them indoors at the same time, or sow them outdoors in summer and overwinter them in a cold frame (or plant them out in the South)
  • Both the annuals and the perennials can be sown outdoors anytime from spring through fall, with germination occurring the following spring
  • When sowing seed outdoors, we recommend a maximum planting depth of 4X the width of the seed

How to Grow Viola:
Transplanting: Transplant when there are at least two sets of true leaves

Spacing: Space the seedlings 8 inches apart in a moist, rich soil

Lighting: Site them in full sun in the North; partial shade in the South. V. odorata requires less sun than the others: partial shade in the North; full shade in the South

Temperature: Pansies, violas, and Johnny Jump Ups grow best in cool temperatures, thus they are grown as spring through summer flowering plants in the North while they are planted in the fall for winter through spring flowering in the South

Additional Care: Where grown year round, the annuals should be mulched in the summer to be kept cool and moist. Deadhead to promote continuous flowering and to remove seed heads. The annuals will readily self-sow, but do not germinate true-to-type. To promote compactness, pinch at planting time and throughout the growing season.

Appearance and Use:

These plants are used as bedding and edging, and in showy container displays. They all have flat, dainty, single flowers and the perennials have green, heart-shaped leaves while the annuals have green, ovate, deeply lobed leaves. V. cornuta, is a rhizomatous plant, growing 6-12 inches tall. It bears fragrant, 1-2 inch, solid or bicolor, yellow, blue, purple, red, or apricot flowers. Hardy from Zones 6-9. V. odorata is also rhizomatous. It grows to 4 inches tall. The spring flowers are 1 inch diameter, sweetly fragrant, and colored bright or deep blue. Hardy from Zones 6-8. V. tricolor, Johnny Jump Up, is a mounded plant 10 inches tall. It bears petite flowers that are tricolored purple, yellow, and white. Grown as an early spring annual in the heat of the South, however it is hardy to Zone 4. V. x wittrockiana, Pansies and Violas, grow 9 inches tall. They bear robust, 3-4 inch flowers with solid, blotched, or faced patterns in colors of red, purple, blue, bronze, yellow, white, pink, lavender, or orange


About Viola:
Pronunciation:  vi’o-lå
Lifecycle:  Annual
Origination: Violaceae, native to temperate regions
Common Name: Violet, Pansy