ALOE Liliaceae A. species

HABITAT: S. Africa.  Zones 9-10.

USES:  Pot plants, houseplants, tubs.

HABIT:  Handsome rosettes of all green or spotted, succulent leaved plants which rarely bloom indoors; outdoors they give a spectacular display of orange, red, or yellow tubular flowers in fall or winter.

SEED GERMINATION:  For best results, sow indoors winter or spring on Park's Grow Mix; keep moist but not wet at all times and maintain 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit temperatures during the germination, which requires 30 days.  Transplant when large enough to handle to peat pots or sow directly to peat pots or pellets; shift to larger containers when roots emerge from pot walls.

CULTURE: Pot in a sandy, well-drained soil mix with humus (peat moss, leaf mold, compost, etc.) and charcoal added. Place in sun (at least 4 hours of direct sunlight a day) and keep barely moist and maintain 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit night temperatures and 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit day temperatures for ideal growth.  Feed established plants each fall with a standard houseplant fertilizer at 1/2 strength.  Overcrowded plants may be re-potted at any time; set plant no deeper than they were previously set.  Aloes may be grown under fluorescent lights 12-14 hours per day at 20 watts per square foot with the lights placed 10" from the plants.

SPECIES:  A. arborescens (Candelabra Aloe):  Thick blue-green leaves.  To 10'.
A. aristata (Lace Aloe):  6" across.  Green-gray leaves dotted white and tipped with white marginal teeth. Zone 9.  Reddish yellow.
A. brevifolia (Short-leaved Aloe):  12".  Triangular, oblong, gray-green leaves, flat on top and rounded below with white marginal teeth.  Red flowers.  Fall.  Zone 9.
A. ciliaris (Climbing Aloe):  6" across.  3'. Soft green, white toothed leaves.  Lance-shaped.  Sprawling. Pencil like stems.  Orange-red flowers.  Late spring.
A. globusa (Crocodile Aloe):  4-7".  Gray-green.
A. humilis (hedgehog Aloe):  6".   Zone 9. Blue-green, narrow leaves with white, marginal teeth. Green-tipped, red flowers.  Best grown in shade.
A. nobilis (Gold-spined Aloe):  2'.  Bright green leaves edged with yellow prickly teeth.  Zone 9. Green-tipped, red flowers.
A. variegata (Partridge-breast Aloe, Tiger Aloe, Pheasant Wing Aloe):  12".  3 cornered, dark, rich green leaves marbled and margined white.  Red flowers.
A. vera (True Aloe, Barbados Aloe):  18-20".  Pale green with soft spine margins.  Yellow and red bell like flowers.

INSECTS: Mites: For best results, use an approved insecticide such as Kelthane, for control.
Scale:  For best results, use an approved insecticide such as Malathion or Diazinon for control.

DISEASES:  Rot:  Improve drainage.  Destroy infected parts and drench with Captan for control.

PROPAGATION:  Offshoots, cuttings, seed.

REMARKS:  Aloe Vera is often used for a soothing ointment (juice of leaves) for cuts and burns.